Personal cyber security knowledge has become a requirement in today’s rapidly changing digital world. Either at the company level or individual, you need to secure your identity, accounts, money, etc. Cyber attacks and breaches have risen in tandem with the rise of remote employment and the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite this, most people and businesses are not adequately prepared for cyber attacks.
By the following tips regarding personal cyber security tips, this article intends to help you strengthen your capacity to defend yourself from the hackers’ strategies that continue to grow.
#1. Keep Your Passwords Diverse and Secure
One of the most critical cyber safety guidelines for consumers is to avoid using public WiFi WiFi. If you use the same password for all your online accounts, you’re putting your accounts at risk. Every account should have a separate password. Whether your account is infiltrated or hacked, your login credentials will no longer function on other websites if you follow this approach.
In addition, strong passwords are critical to online security, so be sure to use them for all of your accounts. The National Institute of Standards and Technology’s password policy guidelines provide the following suggestions for creating strong passwords:
More than 8 characters and a maximum of 64 characters should be used for passwords.
It’s important to avoid using the same password more than once.
In addition to &, _, @, etc., use at least one uppercase letter, one lowercase letter and one number.
In order to protect yourself, choose passwords that are simple to remember and don’t put any hints or information out in the open.
Reset your password on a regular basis to keep it fresh.
#2. Use Anti-Virus and Firewall protection
In the battle against malicious assaults, antivirus (AV) protection software has been the most common method of defence. Malware and other harmful viruses cannot infiltrate your device or compromise your data because of the protection provided by antivirus software. You should only run one antivirus programme on your computer at a time.
Protecting your data from harmful assaults requires the use of a firewall. Security measures such as firewalls are designed to protect your computer from hackers, malware, and other online threats. Each Windows and Mac OS X version has a built-in firewall, appropriately titled Windows Firewall and Mac Firewall, respectively. You also need to have a firewall incorporated into your router to protect your network.
#3. Phishing Scams – Learn about them!
As we noted in a recent blog post, Phishing attacks have become nastier than ever. An attacker uses the sender’s identity to fool the receiver into disclosing credentials, clicking on a malicious link, or downloading an attachment, all of which will infect the user’s system with malware, trojans, or zero-day vulnerabilities that the attacker has not yet discovered. As a result of this, ransomware attacks are expected. In reality, 90% of ransomware assaults result from phishing scams.
The following are a few cyber security recommendations to keep in mind when it comes to phishing schemes:
- To summaries, never open emails from unknown senders.
- Find out which links are safe and not by hovering over them.
- The emails you get should raise a red flag for you, so check to see where they originated from and if there are any grammar mistakes.
- Friends who have also been affected might pass on malicious links to you. So, take additional precautions.
#4. Your software should always be up to date
According to the numbers above, ransomware attacks were a big threat to organisations and people in 2017. Patching out-of-date software, including operating systems and apps, is a bit of crucial cyber security advice for mitigating ransomware. As a result, hackers are less likely to be able to get access to your devices. Here are a few pointers to help you get started:
- Set your device to receive automatic system upgrades.
- Your desktop web browser should automatically download and install security updates.
- Update all of your browser’s plug-ins, including Flash and Java.
#5. Use two- or three-factor authentication
It is possible to further strengthen the security of an online account by using two-factor or multi-factor authentication in addition to a password. If you don’t have two-factor authentication, you’d have to provide a username and password. A Personal Identification Code (PIC), a second password, or even your fingerprint require two-factor authentication. After you’ve entered your username and password, you’ll be required to input additional authentication methods using multi-factor authentication.
#6. Ensure that your data is regularly backed up
Regular data backups are an essential but often-overlooked component of personal internet security. The 3-2-1 backup rule is followed by the most senior IT and security managers. Three copies of your data will be kept on local media (such as a hard drive) and a third in a secure place away from your home or office (cloud storage). If you have a recent backup, you can recover from ransomware or infection.
#7. Avoid using your debit card online
Online transactions and payments are a great way to improve your Cyber Security. Avoid debit cards or any other payment option directly linked to your bank account while making online purchases. PayPal and credit cards, on the other hand, secure your bank accounts against unauthorized access.
#8. Make sure you have a virtual private network (VPN) installed before using public WiFi
It would help if you always utilized a Virtual Private Network (VPN) while connecting to free public WiFi WiFi. Encryption of the communication between the server and your device is provided via a virtual private network (VPN). As a result, hackers will find it more difficult to access your personal information by breaking into your device. A mobile network or other connection should be used if you don’t have a VPN installed on your device.
#9. Your Mobile Devices Must Be Safely Handled
Over 1.5 million new occurrences of mobile malware have been discovered by McAfee Labs, according to the company. Keeping your mobile device safe is easier than you think.
- Don’t Use Your Birth date or Bank PIN as Your Mobile Pass code.
- Use Only Apps Downloaded from Reliable Sources
- Updating your device is essential. Hackers Use Vulnerabilities in Older Operating Systems that have not been fixed.
- Texting or emailing personal or sensitive information should be avoided.
- Leverage to prevent theft or loss, use Find My iPhone or Android Device Manager.
- Backup your mobile device regularly with iCloud or enable Backup & Sync on your Android device.
#10. Using social media might be dangerous
We may now easily stay in contact with our loved ones through numerous online social media platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and LinkedIn, thanks to the advent of the current digital age. To be safe, you should exercise caution while communicating with them on the internet. Using your social media sites and accounts, hackers may acquire access to much personal information. Because hackers may quickly access your data, keep your online sharing to a minimum. Because these conversations are stored on cloud services, such as Google Drive or iCloud, their backups are not fully protected and may thus be read or compromised. Users can deactivate their chat backups, which may be accessible via the cloud if they do not want to save their conversation backups in the cloud. This will increase their privacy.
By now, you should have a good idea of keeping your computer and network safe. There was a lot of discussion in this blog regarding the importance of data and network security, CERT-In updates and firewalls, and antiviruses and backups. The advice provided above is more critical because of the prevalence of malware, dubious links, Trojans, and other malicious software on the internet. These recommendations and best practices can help you protect your computer system from cyber attacks.