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10 Most Popular Programming Languages for Web Development

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If you’re thinking of stepping into the web dev world, the good news is that the time is better than ever before, with the demand for competent and skilled web developers rising every day.

You’ll find thousands of different languages out there, and no matter how skilled you might be, it’s impossible to learn them all.

You need to make the right choice and learn a Programming Languages for Web Development with integrated language tools, libraries, and all the support you’ll need to get your site up and running.

Still, that’s easier said than done.

To help you out, we’ve assembled our picks for the 10 Most Popular Programming Languages for Web Development and why they’re so good.

We’re starting off with a perennial favorite:

 

  #1. Java

The most well-known web dev language, Java, comes with robust security features and updated functionality that makes it perfect for complicated back-end processes.

Java also comes with both-ways scalability, allowing you to change the scope of your site with the growth of an organization.

Java’s primarily used for coding more extensive enterprise-class apps, governmental websites, and science projects.

Features:

  • Vertical and sideways scalability to accommodate more users
  • Libraries and tools readily available
  • Excellent frameworks for web development like Spring and Hibernate

  #2. PHP

PHP is a dynamic server-side language that enables the creation of quite large websites easily.

This language features an open-source design, with different libraries and tools no more than a Google search away.

Its top framework is Laravel, a Model-View-Controller framework that can be used to create comprehensive web applications in just a couple weeks.

Features:

  • Dynamic open-source structure
  • Easy to learn
  • Significantly better for enterprise-class development than predecessor HTTPS

   #3. JavaScript

Easy to learn, easy to use, and even easier to debug, this text-based web design language is used by more than 67% of professional developers today,

JavaScript can transform static web pages into web applications.

The best part is that code written in JavaScript can also be used inside other programming languages.

Features:

  • Transforms static pages with menu functionality, hover interactions, and other animations
  • Comes with detailed documentation for faster development
  • Lots of employment opportunities for JavaScript coders

   #4. Python

Python’s simplicity makes it the perfect first stop for anybody looking to dip their toes into web development.

Its suite of custom built-in features saves developers a lot of time. It also lets developers easily integrate new technologies and components into their websites.

Features:

  • Fast execution of commands and easy integration of new tech
  • Designed for comprehensive back-end development
  • Tremendous community support with libraries, tools, and manuals

  #5. Kotlin

Kotlin is a flexible language remarkably similar to Python and Perl, making it easy to use for most coders.

Aimed toward both server-side and client-side development, Kotlin is also used to develop robust Android apps.

This language is also purely object-oriented, with no primitive data types available.

Features:

  • Easy to use for beginner coders
  • Dynamic typing for faster development
  • Automatic garbage collection to manage memory

  #6. Swift

Swift is a web design language introduced by Apple in 2014. As such, it is used to develop iOS and macOS applications.

This practical design language can be used for cloud services and mobile and desktop apps, with features like cross-platform usage, easier code maintenance, and a dynamic library for coders.

Features:

  • Cross-platform usage
  • Concise and easy to read code structure
  • Reduced name collision with open-source projects

  #7. TypeScript

Type Script is a superset of JavaScript that’s basically a set of tools for the widely used web design language.

It introduces static information to JavaScript’s iconic flexible code, making it less prone to errors and bugs.

TypeScript also makes JS code much easier to understand, which becomes more critical with the increasing size of a project.

Features:

  • Increased performance across teams
  • Makes code management easier
  • More precise definition through typing

  #8.  Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic programming language popular for developing eCommerce and social media websites using its framework, Ruby on Rails.

The language itself is open-source, reasonably fast, and more than secure enough, making it a big hit in the content management market.

Features:

  • Extremely secure design
  • Faster processing than most programming languages
  • Helps speed up development by allowing easy changes

  #9. C#

If you’ve dabbled in web development, you’ve heard of C#.

Despite being branded as a beginner’s Programming Languages for Web Development, this easy-to-use language has made a name for itself as a comprehensive object-oriented language.

C# is a statically typed language with a syntax similar to Java and offers a vast library filled with functionality.

It’s also one of the most scalable languages and doesn’t require more than a few minutes of tweaking to support many more users.

Features:

  • High scalability with support for easy changes to the code
  • Enables faster development time with special features like a statistically typed language and familiar syntax
  • Offers highly efficient and flexible object-oriented programming

  #10. Perl

It might be the last name on this list, but it’s certainly not the least.

While it started out as a simple text manipulator, today, Perl is used for system administration, network programming, GUI development, and web applications.

Perl also runs on all platforms, making it far more portable than languages like C.

It comes with a massive library of software issued under GNU Public Licenses or Artistic Licenses.

Features:

  • Provides cross-platform support
  • Compatible with mark-up languages like HTML
  • Best used for text manipulation
  • Free software licensed under the GNU Public License

How to Choose the Right Web Dev Language for You: A Conclusion

At the end of the day, the right language will depend on what you’re planning to do with it. For client-side development, we’d recommend JavaScript or even React. For the back-end, Java and Python reign supreme.

Whatever you choose, just make sure you’re not affected by factors like your rival’s projects, your personal dislikes, and your earlier solutions.

That’s how good ideas get ruined, and we don’t want you to make the same mistakes thousands of websites do every day!

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